The Survey of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of homemakers concerning ‎Household Hazardous Wastes in Tabriz metropolis and impact of instructional ‎pamphlets on their KAP

Document Type: Original Article


1 Department of environmental health engineering, School of health, Center of student research, Tabriz university of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran

2 Health and Environment Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

3 Iranian Center of Excellence in Health Management, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

4 Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

5 Health Deputy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz Iran



Household hazardous wastes (HHW) comprise a small fraction of household wastes; however ‎improper collection and disposal of these wastes can be the source of the serious health and ‎environmental problems. With regard to the key role of housewives in the management of ‎household affairs, this study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) ‎of Tabriz homemakers about type, environmental and health impacts and proper disposal ‎approaches of these wastes. The sample was composed of 384 housewives from 10 zones of ‎Tabriz metropolis and a structured questionnaire survey was implemented in two stages-‎before and after education with a pamphlet. The item by item analyses of initial questionnaire ‎showed the housewives' knowledge, attitudes status and practices concerning HHW were ‎moderate to good. 65% of subjects had no knowledge about the preferential methods to ‎mitigation the potential concerns associated with hazardous wastes. Most of the women ‎‎(about 80%) were strongly agreed that specific legislation need for collection and disposal of ‎these type of wastes. 58% of them separated their waste before disposing.‎
After education, results revealed significant influence of education on participants' KAP.‎
The result also indicated the relationship between the participants' KAP and their educational ‎level and age with a highly statistical significant difference.‎
Improving household waste management behavior and developing education plans about the ‎environmental impacts of hazardous wastes, west minimization and disposal approaches are ‎necessary efforts to effectively improve household hazardous waste management‎


Main Subjects