Document Type: Original Article
Department of environmental health engineering, School of health, Center of student research, Tabriz university of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Health and Environment Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Iranian Center of Excellence in Health Management, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Health Deputy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz Iran
Household hazardous wastes (HHW) comprise a small fraction of household wastes; however improper collection and disposal of these wastes can be the source of the serious health and environmental problems. With regard to the key role of housewives in the management of household affairs, this study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of Tabriz homemakers about type, environmental and health impacts and proper disposal approaches of these wastes. The sample was composed of 384 housewives from 10 zones of Tabriz metropolis and a structured questionnaire survey was implemented in two stages-before and after education with a pamphlet. The item by item analyses of initial questionnaire showed the housewives' knowledge, attitudes status and practices concerning HHW were moderate to good. 65% of subjects had no knowledge about the preferential methods to mitigation the potential concerns associated with hazardous wastes. Most of the women (about 80%) were strongly agreed that specific legislation need for collection and disposal of these type of wastes. 58% of them separated their waste before disposing.
After education, results revealed significant influence of education on participants' KAP.
The result also indicated the relationship between the participants' KAP and their educational level and age with a highly statistical significant difference.
Improving household waste management behavior and developing education plans about the environmental impacts of hazardous wastes, west minimization and disposal approaches are necessary efforts to effectively improve household hazardous waste management