Knowledge, attitude and participation of men working in the manufactories in prenatal, childbirth, and postpartum care in Kashan city, Iran: cross-sectional study

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Master of Health Services Administration, Maternal Health Expert of Vice Chancellor for Health Affairs, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

2 Department of Midwifery, PHD Student in Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

10.30468/jbiom.2019.178667.1050

Abstract

Background: Men like their partners prefer to play a more active role during pregnancy, childbirth and infant care but often health and social system norms limit them from doing these actions. The present study was conducted to determine the knowledge, attitude and participation of men in prenatal, childbirth and postpartum care.
Methods: In this study of cross-sectional in 2015, 280 men working in manufactories in Kashan city were investigated. Tool of data collection was a self-made questionnaire including 4 parts. The data were analyzed by using SPSS-16 with Statistical tests of independent t tests and ANOVA test with significance level of .05.
Results: The mean scores of knowledge, attitude and men’s practice were 18.70±3.11, 40.12±5.00 and 61.65±6.87. Scores of knowledge were low about danger signs and pregnancy complications. Also scores of practice were low in these issues. 62.1% men believed and accompanied their wife during prenatal visit or going to hospital. There was a significant difference between men's knowledge with wife's age(p=.004), her education level(p=.007) and monthly income(p=.024). Moreover, there was a significant difference between male practice with their education level(p=.001).
Conclusions: The results of the study showed that most men accompany their wives during pregnancy care, but due to their low awareness of signs of danger and pregnancy problems, they do not have a proper function and need to get information by provide training programs consistent with their educational needs so that they can better contribute, and ultimately make pregnancy safe for the mother and the fetus.

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